The species of bamboo selected for energy crop plantations is from the Bambusa Balcooa family of grasses. After 10 years of breeding and fertilization programs, this species bamboo is now cultivated from tissue culture and then micro propagated. As a result, each tissue culture sapling is identical, asexual, non-evasive, non-flowering and has a density of 5 times greater than any other species of bamboo. It can be cultivated in various types of soil where there is sufficient water availability or where climatic conditions such as in the equatorial regions offer a natural environment for cultivation. By the end of year four, the bamboo can be mechanically harvested and produce on average, up to 100 tonnes per hectare per annum, with a lifespan of up to 50 years.
Bamboo wood chips have an estimated 4200 calorific value and low ash and sulpher content. The wood chips are a source of biomass for power generation as well as other forms of bioenergy such as pellets and biocrude.