Arable land: 17.54%

Permanent crops:  9.22%

Other:  73.24%

arable land – land cultivated for crops like wheat, maize, and rice that are replanted after each harvest;

 permanent crops – land cultivated for crops like citrus, coffee, and rubber that are not replanted after each harvest; includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber;

 other – any land not arable or under permanent crops; includes permanent meadows and pastures, forests and woodlands, built-on areas, roads, barren land, etc.


Agriculture is Ghana’s most important industry, employing 54% of the population either directly or indirectly and accounting for 37.4% of national GDP. The country produces a variety of crops in various climatic zones which range from dry savannah to wet forest and which run in east-west bands across the country. Agricultural crops, including yams, grains, cocoa, oil palms, kola nuts, and timber, form the base of Ghana’s economy.

 In 1984, Jerry Rawlings, founder of the current government party, NDC, identified agriculture as the economic industry that could save Ghana from potential financial turmoil. Accordingly, since that time, the government has invested significant funds in the rehabilitation of agriculture; money has been spent on creating, repairing and upgrading any infrastructure that contributes to the process of producing and exporting agricultural goods. In addition, the government allows the free market to promote higher producer prices and to increase efficiency.

 As recently as March 2012, The World Bank approved a US$100 million credit to support Ghana in developing commercial agriculture across the nation. USAID is also providing a grant of US$45 million to support the implementation of the project.

Agricultural subsectors by GDP %